On Rationality, Conscience, Religion and Dharma

The most imminent choice faced by an individual is to live or not live. It is the choice between life and death. Life is staying alive, hoping, loving, caring, appreciating, laughing, running, exercising freedom of expression and thoughts, and enjoying. Death is an unknown shrouded in mystery. It is an apparent end of life. When death is mostly unknown and we have no way to know if anything is there for a human beyond a physical death; we need a constitution to live this life here on the earth. This piece intends to explain why living with full content should be the only rational objective of a human being.


Throughout human history, humans have tried to explain the reasons behind their existence and find out if there is any meaning at all in the existence. Different branches of investigation was started to find an answer. There are two contrasting schools of investigation about the nature of existence and reality. One school is the school of science which is objective in nature and relies on inductive reasoning to find answers to questions pertaining reality. It presupposes space, existence of matter and time. It considers nothing to be transcendental. It says, existence exists on its own without any intervention of the living beings. There is another school of thought. That is the school of metaphysics. That presupposes nothing. It explains everything. It introduces the concept of God and divinity to explain what could not be explained by science. I have a problem with this school of thought. It relies on assumptions to fill the logical gaps in human mind. There is a creation, so it supposes there is a creator. It is just a way of thinking without any evidence. What are the evidences of God, Supreme Being, the omniscient and omnipresent? There is nothing. God is a presupposition, a residual being. Because, we cannot explain everything by science we introduce the concept of God. This God is created by mind. Religions have been invented by man to regulate the life of individuals, to regulate their freedom. Most religions are against living. They believe in torture of the body. As is there is an all-powerful God who created human beings for his fun while we keep starving our body and keep fighting with one another for our believes about God.


It necessitates the death of the so-called religions which have ruled the life of men for long. All religions need to die. Man needs to be free again. The only weapon man has in this war against irrational thinking is his own rationality. Human rationality should be the sole basis of living. Rationality enables us to separate the right from the wrong; the goods from the evils.
Dharma is a believe system that is supposed to make us behave in certain manner. It is supposed to make us behave morally. It defines what is right and what is wrong. But it is tricky. All rights and wrongs as defined by Dharma are not universal. What is generally perceived to be right in a place and at time may not be considered as right in another place or in another time. Therefore, religions and Dharma may induce fanatic behavior. The followers of a school of religions or dharma may clash with another school with opposing views. And, these clashes can be violent.
Therefore, humans don’t need to subscribe to any school of thought or belief system. They should solely rely on their own rationality and judgment to decide what is right and what is wrong. No narrowing ideology that divides us should be subscribed to. Satisfaction and content should be one`s motive. One should be evidence-based and scientific in thinking. Irrational thinking should be discouraged. We don’t need to enroll into any school of thought to be good human beings and live our life with full content. Rationality should be our sole weapon to live on this earth.



The long wait ended. The long-spell of no rain gave into the sky outpouring. The droplets are like the heavenly gifts falling on the earth to quench its thirst. The merciless sun sucked the last drop of life from it, leaving it dry and rough. The green grass turned brown. It was waiting for the rain to come and wash away all dirt and reestablish life. The rain came as a blessing from God, cleansing and sweeping the earth and the trees. The color of the trees became greener.

It Could Not Be Any Better

At times, change is also good just for the sake of change. They say, a rolling stone gathers no moss. Naturally, change brings new perspective, motivation, and hope. Change in Indian political landscape was long overdue. The same dynasty has been ruling the country since independence. The same Nehruvian socialist policies have been perused with no effect. In the last 10 years, the country has been tolerating the same Prime Minister who has failed to upheld his statesmanship in the time of crisis. Scams after scams have added to the frustration of 1.2 billion people. A change was long overdue.


The change that came on May the 16th was unprecedented. It is only the second instance after independence when a single political party got clear mandate from people. The ruling is clear—people wanted a change in the administration and leadership of the country. Here are my 7 reasons, why the landslide victory of NDA is the best thing to happen to India in the last decade:
Number One: Change for the sake of change. When nothing moves, a mere change in the leadership can result in wonders. The mandate given by people is going to change a number of things including the inspiration and motivation of the country, economic outlook, and investors` sentiment. The change will certainly provide a momentum to the country.
Number Two: A decisive Prime Minister. The leader of the house needs to be decisive and he should have a control over the government. A Prime Minister should be able to inspire the nation. Decisiveness on the behalf of the Prime Minister also breaks policy logjam. Narendra Modi has the track record as a good administrator and dicisive leader.


Number Three: A New Outlook for the Economy: So far congress government followed a hybrid of two economic policies—Mindless liberalization and Socialist Populism. Whereas, the latter has benefitted the party for long in terms of vote, the former has not always been for the betterment of the country as a whole. Government needs to be more pragmatic about liberalization and ensure that populism does not come in the way of long-term growth.
Number Four: A new outlook in the external and Internal Security Front: Internal security has been a challenge in Indian for quite some time. UPA government failed to come up with a well-calculated policy to curb Naxalism and other internal security threat. Also, in the external front, especially in relation to Pakistan, Bangladesh and China, there needs to be renewed perspective to address the security challenges.
Number Five: Renewed approach in foreign relation: Foreign relation is extremely vital for security and trade. Indian must take a new approach to strengthen ties with the allies.
Number six: Curbing Corruption: The last government, apparently, was the most corrupt government, if we go by the number of scams that surfaced. The new government must take calculated steps to curb corruption.
Number Seven: Infrastructure: Infrastructure of the country needs a vigorous attention. A country cannot be developed without having a supporting infrastructure. While our neighbor China has marched long way ahead of us in infrastructure, our policy paralysis and lack of intent has hold us back in the infrastructural front. The new government must be a harbinger of change in the infrastructure front.
A golden opportunity has come to the country. It has given a decisive mandate for a stable and strong government under the stewardship of a strong leader. It Could Not Be Any Better.

Secularism, Modi, and Indian Muslim

Secularsim’ is a word that has never been so vociferously discussed in the Indian political theatre as in the last one year. The immediate trigger is of course the rise of Narendra Modi in the national politics. Never before in India, has a right-wing nationalistic party caught the imagination of the country so well as BJP has done recently. The only weapons of the opponents (read congress and other pseudo-secular parties) are the so call ghost of secularism. A ghost has been created that BJP is not secular and if it comes to power it will make the life of the minority more difficult. There is hardly any reality in it. In the political history of India, no one faced such merciless character assassination as Narendra Modi did. There has been systematic personal attack on him on the aftermath of Gujarat Riot. None found it necessary to investigate the real reason behind the riot or the spontaneous nature of the riot. Logic suffocated under mindless cacophony. He has been attacked from the left right and the center by the so called caretakers of secularism in India. Their secularism goes blind and deaf when one talks about 1984 pogrom of Sikhs in Delhi or the recent Muzaffarnagar riot.

Muslim-Modi (1)

The reality is that Congress and some other pseudo secular parties like SP and TMC have successfully created fear in the minds of the minorities. The fear that BJP will be a threat to their existence. They talk about Godhra, every time they have to malign Modi, when under the Congress rule a number of riots took place in various Indian states. Congress has polarised Indian minorities and sent them to the ghettos by creating a fear that the rise of any right-wing nationalist party will be dangerous for the existence of Muslim voters. The strategy worked successfully. Muslims voted en masse driven by the fear to keep a right-wing force out of power. Successive congress government did nothing for the upliftment of the Muslims except creating fear in their mind and treating them like a votebank.
This needs to end. The ghost of fear needs to die. It needs to be proved that BJP and Modi are not against the existence of the minorities, that the minorities need to come out of their ghetto mentality and find out the real reason of their under development.

The Reasons You Should Love Politics

Most of the times when I visit the Facebook profile of someone sending me a friend request, I find the he or she has written “I hate politics” in Political Interest. In different formal or informal interactions, I have asked many of my colleagues about their political interest, almost invariably I get the same answer that they hate politics-as if politics is so dirty a word that they don’t want to have any association with it. Personally, I also was not interested in politics in my college days. However, in the last 2-3 years, I have gone through some fundamental transformations as an individual. Rigorous study of social and political issues and self introspections has changed my attitude towards politics to a great extent.


The main reasons I can think of behind the young generation`s repulsion from politics is the disgraced image of politics. For the generation Y, politics is nothing but a branch of corrupt, white-dressed, old people shouting at each other at rallies, taking bribes, fooling people for votes and blah blah.. This is not necessarily true. Politics is nothing but the activities associated with the governance of a country or a state. Political parties, leaders, election system are different components of the political system of a country or state. Before the independence of the country, many highly educated Indians like Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose or Jawaharlal Nehru joined active politics leaving the prospects of high-paying jobs under the British Government. Most of them were honest young men with high level of integrity and concern for the countrymen. After the independence, many of those pre-independent political leaders were sworn in the key positions in the government of Independent India. Gradually, the socialist policies and centralized economic policies of the government started Licence Raj in India. From this period, the blackening of the image of the political class in India started. The Licence Raj promoted nexus between the politicians and the Business men. Indian business leaders found a good relation with the ruling party to be the only way to get permission of doing business in India.

The whole culture of bribe taking and allocation of government contracts to influential businessmen started. In addition, some of the business families in India thought pushing any members of their family in politics would ensure permanent security for their business. So a whole lot of members of business families entered into politics. Because of low educational level of Indians and lack of competent leaders, another branch of local goons with casteism and members of influential families also entered politics around the same time. Even though ideologues like the leftist political leaders, who were mostly honest and concerned for the plight of the masses, were active in politics; the power in the centre was manly enjoyed by businessmen, influential families, descendants of the pre-independent politicians and goons. From this period, the common people started getting alienated. The scenario has more or less remained the same in the last decades. The power still remains in the hands of few influential political families, business families and goons with regional supports. This needs to change. The political culture of the country needs to be changed.

This is where the role of the young generation comes to destroy the devils in Indian politics: casteism, vote bank politics, dynastic politics, pseudo secularism and many more. The young generation needs to recognise the fact that as long as they don’t become aware, the political culture of the country will not change. The ignorance of the people is the main weapon of the ruling class. While the young generation is busy in uploading their latest pics in Facebook or texting their girlfriends, the bribe seeking corrupt politicians are fooling people. The Rahul Gandhis of the world, who are the epitome of dynastic politics in India, would always fool people with symbolism and always try to keep ‘outsiders’ out of the power corridor. In the name of inducing young blood, all they have done is inducing the sons and daughters of other influential political leaders who represent dynastic politics with a capital D. We the young generation, who are privileged, educated and have access to more information can bring social revolution by being more aware and making people aware by taking our baby steps. We must remember that as long as we do not actively participate in politics, it would keep on getting filled by sons and daughters of the Ministers and MPs, the local goons, the influential businessmen who have no concern for the millions of poor and downtrodden Indians. As long as we hate politics and stay happy in our cocoon, the same scene will continue repeating in the great Indian political theatre.

The Perils of the Mass: The longest Running ‘Reality Show’ on Earth

For the ruling class, the mass is a vote bank, devoid of any human necessity, and is meant to be used, abused, and manipulated to prolong their tenure of power. So, at times the mass is lured by some freebies like free television sets, and there are times when the mass is divided on communal basis and made feel a sense of false pride of the growth and progress of the country. Remember India Shining campaign of BJP?? All over the world and throughout the course of history, the mass has been used as the tool of fulfilling the desire of a small segment of individuals. There are times when the mass is used for good purposes and there are other times when the mass is used only to serve the selfish objectives of their masters.
In 2008-09, the Naxalite ‘movement’ reached a new height in India because of the Lalgarh ‘movement’. Media-friendly Naxal leaders like Kishenji made claims that the common people of Lalgarh was with the Naxals and it was a spontaneous mass uprising. It was a lie. The truth is that common people, the mass are not concerned about Lenin, Stalin, Mao, or Marx; they are rather concerned about where the next meal would come from or how to deal with their day to day struggle for existence. It is true that the people over there were long deprived of their rights. But, the mass was not and is not actually interested in all those political dynamics of cause and effect. Their life is more or less occupied with their daily ruthless encounter with the realities. It is a group of Naxalite leaders who takes this is an opportunity to manipulate the sentiment of the mass and to fulfil their own self-interest: to capture power. There are also honest Naxal leaders who actually feel for the plight of the mass and works to improve their condition. They also manipulate the sentiment of the mass, even though for good purposes.

In those time of naxal uprising I myself have visited some of the worst effected villages in West Bengal. I am a witness of the sufferings of the mass who used to get sandwiched between the state police force and the Naxals. If you are with police in day, the Naxals would shoot you at night and if you are with the Naxals at night, the police would arrest you next day in the morning and barbarically torture you. The mass which dint care for either the state police or the Naxals were subject to torture from both the sides.
Today what is happening in Kashmir? Millions of Kashmiris are being sandwiched between two nuclear power states: India and Pakistan. They don’t have uninterrupted access to newspapers, tv channels, internet connections and other basic facilities, as if they are living in an open-air prison. The Pakistani state and ISI have been pushing separatists and militants to brainwash the mass and manipulate their sentiment to prove their point to the International community. India is trying to lure the mass with its plans of youth engagement, job offers and skill development and at times brutally silencing all dissents. Surprisingly no one is asking about what the Kashmiris want. For both sides, the Kasmiris are nothing but a mass of people who can be manipulated to fulfil their own agendas.

Coming to the Indian independence movement-it did not really made much difference to the common masses that whether Britishers were ruling them or the Indians. It was the great Mahatma Gandhi who knew how to manipulate the sentiment of the mass and use it for a greater good: for the independence of the country. Today, even the biggest critic of Mahatma Gandhi would not deny the fact that Indian independence can be mainly attributed to the mass movement created by Gandhiji. We are a free country today, but the mass still remains there amidst their ever-present plight.

Starting from the very early years of human civilization to the present days, the basic power structure of the world has not changed much. There has always been an upper class, the ruling class that consists of small segment of people who has manipulated the mass to their own advantage. Then there is a middle class, the real ‘wanna be class’ who always aspires to reach to the upper class and sever all ties with the lowest class, the mass. And the lowest class, the mass, has always been subject to the exploitation and manipulation of the ruling class. It has always been true. That’s what makes it the longest running ‘Reality Show’ on earth.